ENEA-TEMAF (Lead partner)
ENEA TEMAF operates in Faenza since 1994, and carries out research, development and engineering activities in the sector of advanced materials and composites for applications concerning the production and recovery of energy and the sectors of transports, chemical industry, construction and mass-manufacturing. Taking advantage of a background on new materials for the nuclear sector, ENEA TEMAF developed a specific background on “preceramic prepregs” and composite production facilities (filament winding, warm pressing, controlled atmosphere curing and end-of-life pyrolysis), continuously enriched thanks to several projects, that led also to two patent applications (and one European patent). ENEA TEMAF is also equipped with personnel and equipment to produce large sized moulds (by 5-axis machining, for sizes up to half a cubic meter, and rapid prototyping, EOSINT P700).
Role in the project
The role of ENEA in C2CC is focused on the project coordination, the mechanical qualification in support to the development of the composite materials (and their semifinished products) and their cradle-to-cradle recycling. Mechanical characterization according to international standards (and FCA internal procedures) is required as input for modeling and demonstrators engineering. ENEA will also study cleaning procedure for recovered basalt fibers before remelting, and possible intermediate reuse (before remelting).
ENEA TEMAF is also the partner coordinating WP1, dealing with patent and state-of-the-art, IPR in support to go-to-market strategy and industrialisation.
ENEA TEMAF, via Ravegnana 186, 48018 Faenza (RA)
GS4C is a technology based SME with a solid background both on recyclability issue in PMC and open innovation, which possesses unique know how and facilities about recyclable “Filava” mineral fibers and C2C approach. GS4C aim is to become a worldwide reference for sustainable technologies, providing materials, know-how and integrated waste management solutions to companies willing to make a shift toward sustainable manufacturing for their products.
With a catalogue of products that already attracted the attention of some of the main players of the composite industry, GS4C aim to penetrate the high-end composite market with innovative and sustainable solutions based on a circular economy business model.
There is a growing need for sustainable solutions for the composite market, as well as solutions that would facilitate end-of-life recycling of composite elements. The answer to that need GS4C identified reference supplier for know-how and environmentally friendly materials to grow and become market leaders as provider of sustainable solutions. A number of companies have already been involved to cover all the aspects of the industrial process, from fiber manufacturing to recycling. GS4C will work downstream from the fiber and resin production to solve all the technological obstacles to the adoption of a new solution.
Role in the project
GS4C will coordinate WP5 and will be also involved in WP0 and WP2. Expected experimental activities: GS4C will take charge of the recyclable basalt fiber weaving to fabric. “Filava” aeronautical grade Basalt Derived Mineral Fibres (BDMF) will be used since the most promising for C2C approach: this product is distributed and developed in Italy by GS4C. GS4C will also deal with dissemination and communication, as well as support professional development via tailored talks and courses.
GS4C srl, Corso Vercelli 57, 20144 Milano, Italy
GAIKER possesses extensive scientific and technological experience in the field of plastics and composites. It is a private and non profit organization devoted to research and offering innovative technological solutions for corporations. Since 1985 GAIKER have been contributing to the technological development and competitiveness of businesses through advanced technological services (technological consultancy and advisory services and innovation plans, among others), lab testing and technological dissemination services, commissioned research services and technology transfer. Since the foundation, GAIKER has supported more than 2,600 businesses as clients coming from a wide variety of industrial sectors: pharmaceuticals, chemical industry, human and animal health, engineering and consultancy, public administration, automotive, construction, containers and packaging, household appliances, etc.
Role in the project
Within the project, GAIKER will aim to contribute to prepreg and composites production, according to automotive expectations and specifications. In particular they will formulate and optimise the thermoset materials and their composites in the endeavor to develop more sustainable polymeric materials with improved functional and structural characteristics. Expected experimental activities: adjustment of fiber percentage, evaluation of chemical polymerization, use of additives to improve the fiber impregnation, optimization of the prepreg processability using warm pressing. This imply also lab scale production of C2CC components for qualification. GAIKER will coordinate WP2 and will be involved in WP3 and WP0.
Koldo Gondra (or Juan Alonso, please choose)
Parque Tecnológico, Ed. 202, 48170, BI, Spain
Centro Ricerche Fiat S.C.p.A. (CRF) was founded in 1976 as the Fiat Group’s major source of expertise in innovation, research and development. It was established as a Società Consortile per Azioni, a consortium, whose shareholders are FCA Group companies. CRF’s objective is to use innovation as a strategic lever to make FCA products distinctive and competitive. It is therefore able to play an active role in the technological growth of the Fiat Group, its partners and the community in areas such as powertrain, new materials ant technologies for the automotive, environmentally-friendly mobility, telematics, mechatronics, optics, energy saving, lowering CO2 emissions.
Role in the project
CRF will coordinate WP0 (go-to-market strategy) and will be involved in WP2 and WP3. CRF will support AM about the engineering of the car front bonnet and the molds (which are expected to be produced in recyclable B-PMC themselves, in order to make the process fully sustainable, and has to be considered as components themselves) and will indicate the tests they would ask before introducing the components in one of FCA car production, which will be performed by CRF and AM (with the external support of ENEA). Expected experimental activities: CRF will evaluate of the performances of the 500 Abarth front-bonnet demonstrator according to the FCA standards and will build an interior vehicle component of the same car employing injection molding process, using the recovered thermoplastic polymer.
C.R.F. S.C.p.A Via Ex Aeroporto s.n. Edificio 14 – P.T. 80038 – Pomigliano d’Arco (NA), ItalY
AM COMPOSITES SRL
AM Composites srl is a FCA automotive Tier1, specialized in the manufacture of components in advanced composite materials for the aviation industry, automobile, motorcycle, fabrication of carbon fiber tools and assemblies of composite structure. AM features wide expertise in the design and manufacturing of CFRP tool parts and assemblies. AM deals with design and manufacturing of complete tooling with carbon fiber, Kevlar, fiberglass fully compliant with very tight aerospace customer requirements. All manufacturing steps are processed in contamination controlled area with high standard and fully automated equipments, capable of top-quality results.
Role in the project
AM will be mainly involved in WP3, and will produce components demonstrating TRL6 about cradle-to-cradle composites, that is recyclable PMC.
Expected experimental activities: AM will take care of the manufacturing of the prototypes (at TRL7) on the car front bonnet, chosen and designed by CRF for FCA group (today based on CF and standard epoxy only for low volume productions). To get the goal, throughout the TRL increase developments, AM will use the existing autoclave facilities, which are expected to support production at least up to 100’000 pieces per year. AM will be supported by CRF about the engineering of the front bonnet and the molds (which are expected to be produced in recyclable B-PMC themselves, in order to make the process fully sustainable, and has to be considered as components themselves)
Angelo Ciuffreda (or Andrea Ceresani, you choose)
AM Composites Srl, Via Cuneo, 23, 10044 Pianezza TO
R*Concept is a spanish SME (previously named Ferre Dalmau), currently focusing on sustainable composite materials for niche applications, like sport and marine. They are specifically committed to develop high performing composite solutions aiming at zero impact on the planet. They offer sustainable solutions to the sports industry focusing on the sustainability to bring performing products to the industry, while respecting the environment and the human beings who live in it. R*Concept possesses unique know how about recyclable and biobased resins for PMC.
Role in the project
In R*Concept all advanced resins, petroleum based carbon are substituted with renewable plant-based carbon, using secondary raw materials from other industrial productions. The resins of specific interest of C2CC proposal are the recyclable ones. Recycling is based on chemical cleavage of a biomass-derived recyclable epoxy thermoset resins, which is solved in an acetic solution and then re-precipitated ad a thermoplastic polymer. This approach was originally proposed by Connora (US) and exploits their already mass produced clevable cross linkers. R*Concept will be mainly involve in WP2 and WP3. Expected experimental activities are linked to the development of pilot lines for dissolution of polymer matrix from prepreg scraps and end-of-life components.
Jaime Ferrer Dalmau, R*Concept,
Rosalía de Castro 21, 08025 Barcelona, Spain
University of Bordeaux
Based at the University of Bordeaux in the Institute of Molecular Sciences (ISM), the CyVi Group is an interdisciplinary group of scientists working on research methods of and applications to sustainable chemistry and life-cycle assessment. The objectives of the group’s research is to implement green and sustainable chemistry and engineering to advance the state of the science while providing services for key economic sectors in the region and beyond, such as aerospace and agrifood. The group consists of an interdisciplinary team of researchers whose backgrounds include chemistry, environmental and process engineering, toxicology, biology, and public health among others. These specialties are brought together under one research setting to provide systems analysis to problems addressing environmental implications of technology, green chemistry, and sustainable manufacturing.
The group’s core focus is in the deployment and use of life-cycle assessment to solve problems for the various industry and research sectors. Life-cycle assessment is a widely-scoped environmental management tool that is at the crux of technology development and environmental research. Their research focuses on improving the methodologies of LCA in order to maximize these analyses.
The CyVi Group is headed by Guido Sonnemann, formerly of the United Nations Environmental Programme.
Role in the project
UBx will coordinate WP4 (LCSA including Embodied Energy Evaluations) discussing quantitatively environmental impacts of the new technologies and will be in charge of task partner GAIKER. The Life Cycle Group CyVi at the Institute of Molecular Sciences, University of Bordeaux does research on life cycle approaches (Life Cycle Assessment and Material Flow Analysis) for Sustainable Chemistry and Materials Management. In the Field of PMC (Polymer Matrix Composites) University of Bordeaux have a unique background about LCSA.
Guido Sonnemann, CyVi group, ISM, Un. of Bordeaux,
UMR 5255, F-33400 Talence, France